Japan's working population is expected to dramatically decrease in conjunction with its aging and declining population, and there is apt to be a further increase in the number of employees, both men and women, who work while caring for children or elderly members of their family. In order for Mitsubishi Electric to survive through the tough international competition and realize sustainable growth under these circumstances, it will be essential to create a working environment where all employees can work to their full potential within their limited time.
Various initiatives are in place at Mitsubishi Electric to create a working environment where all employees can work actively while maintaining a good work-life balance.
Mitsubishi Electric is making every effort to fully establish a work-life balance support system that more than satisfies the legal requirements, and to develop workplace conditions that allow employees to comfortably do their jobs and raise children or care for elderly family members. Our childcare leave program can be extended to the month of March following the child's first birthday (or to the first end of March following the child’s second birthday if there is a special circumstance). We also have a program that allows employees to work shorter hours when raising their children, and this program can be extended up until the end of March in the year the child graduates from elementary school. Our family-care leave program allows employees with families that meet the requirements to take a leave of absence for more than three years. It also allows employees to work shorter hours for up to three years to help them take care of their families. In addition, when the employee is the spouse of an expectant mother, the spouse may take up to five days leave. There is also a program to provide the spouse with special paid leave (self-support leave) to use in certain circumstances such as to participate in a child's school event, a "work-at-home" program for employees providing family care, as well as a re-hiring system for employees who have temporarily left the company to provide family care.
Furthermore, we have made it possible for employees to take half-day absences from work to care for elderly family members or attend to a sick child, and have introduced a reduced working hour system that allows employees to work shorter hours on a certain day of every week, as one form of reducing working hours for family care.
In fiscal 2019, we will further support the work-life balance of our employees by expanding the scope of special paid leave (self-support leave) to include PTA activities. In addition, we will support the development of the next generation by introducing a temporary leave system for employees who wish to undergo fertility treatments. There will also be an extension to the scope of the program that allows employees to take an absence from work to take care of sick children who are under elementary school age, to also include children who are currently in elementary school.
In fiscal 2020, we will also be introducing an hourly leave system that allows employees to take up to 40 hours off from work per year. Employees will be able to take off from work on an hourly basis by using part of their annual paid vacation days when they need to care for children or elderly family members or to participate in a child's school event, etc. that do not require a one-day or half-day leave.
To raise employee awareness of these initiatives, we actively disseminate relevant information through a portal site, which features a range of information on work-life balance, such as a list of support systems for employees raising children (see chart below), and interviews with working mothers. We make this information available to employees, managers, and new hires, aiming to create an environment that is conducive to using these support systems. Along with enhancing our programs, we will work to foster a workplace culture in which employees can enrich their personal lives while advancing their careers.
Work-life balance support measures related to childcare
(As of April 2019)
To support the career development of employees raising children, Mitsubishi Electric opened Diamond Kids, an onsite day-care center, in Kamakura City, Kanagawa Prefecture and Amagasaki City, Hyogo Prefecture on October 1, 2014, with an enrollment of approximately 10 children in each center.
By providing its services in locations adjacent to a Mitsubishi Electric workplace on days and during hours corresponding to the workplace, catering to extended hours, and ensuring security measures that prevent intrusion by suspicious individuals as well as accident prevention measures, Diamond Kids offers a childcare environment that allows employees to fully concentrate on their jobs without worrying about their children. It also promotes employees' return to work after taking a leave, by accepting children all year round.
|Name||Diamond Kids Shonan||Diamond Kids Itami|
|Location||5-1-1 Ofuna, Kamakura City, Kanagawa Prefecture
Within the Information Technology R&D Center
|6-9-22 Tsukaguchi-honmachi, Amagasaki City, Hyogo Prefecture
Within the Mitsubishi Electric Health Insurance Association Itami General Gymnasium BRIO
|Facility area||Floor space: approx. 100m2|
|Enrollment capacity||Approx. 10 children|
|Children's ages||Ages 0 (children over 57 days old) up to enrollment in primary school|
|Eligibility||Mitsubishi Electric employees (not restricted to women)|
|Operating hours||8:00 – 18:00 (extended hours up to 21:00)|
Flextime allows employees to decide on their working hours for themselves so that they may improve their productivity and exercise creativity, and thereby achieve a good balance between their corporate life and personal life. The program may be utilized depending on the specific duties and job performance of each employee.
Working hours are divided into "core time" and "flexible time." Core time is a band of time during which all employees must be present in the office as a rule unless special circumstances exist. Flexible time is a band of time within which employees may choose when they arrive and depart from the office in consideration of the progress of their work and fluctuations in workloads. Specific time bands are determined by each office.
Employees who do not use up their annual paid vacation time by the end of the fiscal year may accumulate up to 20 days of unused vacation time and carry them over to the next fiscal year and onward.
Those who receive company approval to take more than three days off from work to recuperate from an illness, engage in family care, take part in a volunteer activity, etc., may acquire a self-support leave.
In pursuit of a flexible work style for efficiently performing work anywhere, we have expanded the eligible users and increased the flexibility of using the program in fiscal 2019.
Employees can use the program for reasons other than to care for children or elderly family members, such as for the purpose of improving productivity through efficient performance of work and promoting work-life balance.
|No. of employees who have taken a leave||FY2017||FY2018||FY2019|
|Acquisition rate of leave of absence (%)||-||98%||-||-||98%||-||-||99%||-|
|Reduced working hours for childcare||5||348||353||11||368||379||13||379||392|
|Reduced working hours during pregnancy||-||13||13||-||11||11||-||20||20|
|Family care leave||3||4||7||7||4||11||11||7||18|
|Reduced working hours for family care||5||4||9||4||8||12||11||6||7|
|Prenatal and postnatal absence||-||142||142||-||182||182||-||178||178|
(Unit: No. of employees)
Since fiscal 2017, Mitsubishi Electric promotes a "Work Style Reforms" as a management policy, and strives to create a working environment where work-life balance can be achieved by everyone by "creating a corporate culture that places even greater emphasis on achievements and efficiency" and "reforming employees' attitudes toward work."
Each department, organization and office implements specific measures that promote the reform of working styles based on the following four perspectives.
"Work Style Reforms"
During the first two years of the initiative, company-wide efforts were made to fully disseminate and establish the initiative. We provided information and promoted employee awareness through posters, in-house newsletters, the internal website and other such tools, and implemented an education campaign to raise awareness of Work Style Reforms for employees in managerial positions. In February 2017, the "President’s Forum on Work Style Reforms" was launched, in which the president of Mitsubishi Electric makes a round of all offices to personally explain the objectives and importance of the initiative to all employees.
In addition to this Group-wide initiative, each office also implements activities that suit their specific situations.
Three years have passed since the Work Style Reforms began in fiscal 2017. Through driving the reforms based on the four perspectives, the percentage of employees who experienced changes in their work style increased and working hours fell sharply. These reforms, therefore, have produced positive outcomes.
Percentage of employees who responded that they had a good work-life balance (Employee Attitude Survey)
Changes in the number of employees who worked more than 80 hours of overtime a month
At Mitsubishi Electric, Head Office management departments play a central role in streamlining and increasing the efficiency of company-wide operations by promoting the following specific measures.
To accelerate the promotion of office Work Style Reforms, the "President's Forum" meeting began in February 2017 as a president-employee conversation opportunity.
The president explains to employees the objective and focus of actions surrounding Work Style Reforms, which is a key management policy, and accepts a wide range of inputs from employees such as issues they face in promoting reform and opinions and requests on corporate matters. The president will incorporate these inputs to develop more effective measures.
President's Forum (2018)
CP-Plan Promotion Center exclusive
Corporate Human Resources Div.
Mitsubishi Electric Corporation
It has been three years since the start of the initiative and now more and more employees are feeling that their work style has changed. For example, using laptops in meetings is now an everyday sight. We will continue to foster enhancements in the corporate culture and environment so that all employees can feel the change. Yet Work Style Reforms extends beyond just improving operational efficiency. To achieve these reforms goal of "creating a workplace environment in which everyone can maintain physical and psychological health and work in good spirits," we aim to develop a company where every single employee is always aware of the value of improving their work and finds their work fulfilling.